ICECAP-O (ICEpop CAPability measure for Older people)

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Grewal I, Lewis J, Flynn T, Brown J, Bond J, Coast J. Developing attributes for a generic quality of life measure for older people: preferences or capabilities? Social Science and Medicine 2006; 62:1891-1901
General information
Purpose ICECAP-O is a measure of capability in older people for use in economic evaluation. Unlike most profile measures used in economic evaluations, the ICECAP-O focuses on wellbeing defined a broader sense, rather than just health.
Domain(s) Goal Pursuit
Life Satisfaction
Positive Affect
Quality of Life
Sense of Meaning
Target population Adult
Number of items 20
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

ICECAP-A (ICEPop CAPability measure for Adults)

Availability in other languages Welsh, Dutch, German, Spanish, Swedish, French, Chinese, Hungarian, Japanese
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure

If you wish to translate the ICECAP measure, or if you have a query that is not covered by the Frequently Asked Questions, please contact: or

User Agreement forms should be sent to:, or posted to:

Dr Philip Kinghorn
Health Economics Unit
Institute of Applied Health Research
Public Health Building
University of Birmingham
Birmingham, UKB15 2TT

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Baji, P., Farkas, M., Dobos, Á., Zrubka, Z., Gulácsi, L., Brodszky, V., . . . Péntek, M. (2020). Capability of well-being: Validation of the Hungarian version of the ICECAP-A and ICECAP-O questionnaires and population normative data. Quality of Life Research, 29(10), 2863-2874. doi:10.1007/s11136-020-02542-1

Makai, P., Koopmanschap, M. A., Brouwer, W. B. F., & Nieboer, A. A. P. (2013). A validation of the ICECAP-O in a population of post-hospitalized older people in the Netherlands. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11(1) doi:10.1186/1477-7525-11-57

Mitchell, P. M., Caskey, F. J., Scott, J., Sanghera, S., & Coast, J. (2020). Response process validity of three patient reported outcome measures for people requiring kidney care: A think-aloud study using the EQ-5D-5L, ICECAP-A and ICECAP-O. BMJ Open, 10(5) doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034569

Nyman, S. R., Casey, C., & Polman, R. (2021). Psychometric properties of the ICECAP-O quality of life measurement tool when self-reported by community-dwelling older people with mild and moderate dementia. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, doi:10.1097/WAD.0000000000000430

Perry-Duxbury, M., van Exel, J., Brouwer, W., Sköldunger, A., Gonçalves-Pereira, M., Irving, K., . . . The Actifcare Consortium. (2020). A validation study of the ICECAP-O in informal careers of people with dementia from eight European countries. Quality of Life Research, 29(1), 237-251. doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02317-3

Sarabia-Cobo, C. M., Parás-Bravo, P., Amo-Setién, F. J., Alconero-Camarero, A. R., Sáenz-Jalón, M., Torres-Manrique, B., . . . Santibáñez-Margüello, M. (2017). Validation of the Spanish version of the ICECAP-O for nursing home residents with dementia. PLoS ONE, 12(1) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169354

Additional information

If you are interested please complete a user agreement and send the form to: Dr Samantha Husbands E-mail: for a copy of the measure