ICECAP-O (ICEpop CAPability measure for Older people)

Grewal I, Lewis J, Flynn T, Brown J, Bond J, Coast J. Developing attributes for a generic quality of life measure for older people: preferences or capabilities? Social Science and Medicine 2006; 62:1891-1901
General information
Purpose ICECAP-O is a measure of capability in older people for use in economic evaluation. Unlike most profile measures used in economic evaluations, the ICECAP-O focuses on wellbeing defined a broader sense, rather than just health.
Target population
Number of items 20
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

ICECAP-A (ICEPop CAPability measure for Adults)

Availability in other languages Welsh, Dutch, German, Spanish, Swedish, French, Chinese, Hungarian, Japanese
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure

icecap-o-user-agreement-may21.docx (

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Baji, P., Farkas, M., Dobos, Á., Zrubka, Z., Gulácsi, L., Brodszky, V., . . . Péntek, M. (2020). Capability of well-being: Validation of the Hungarian version of the ICECAP-A and ICECAP-O questionnaires and population normative data. Quality of Life Research, 29(10), 2863-2874. doi:10.1007/s11136-020-02542-1

Makai, P., Koopmanschap, M. A., Brouwer, W. B. F., & Nieboer, A. A. P. (2013). A validation of the ICECAP-O in a population of post-hospitalized older people in the Netherlands. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11(1) doi:10.1186/1477-7525-11-57

Mitchell, P. M., Caskey, F. J., Scott, J., Sanghera, S., & Coast, J. (2020). Response process validity of three patient reported outcome measures for people requiring kidney care: A think-aloud study using the EQ-5D-5L, ICECAP-A and ICECAP-O. BMJ Open, 10(5) doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034569

Nyman, S. R., Casey, C., & Polman, R. (2021). Psychometric properties of the ICECAP-O quality of life measurement tool when self-reported by community-dwelling older people with mild and moderate dementia. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, doi:10.1097/WAD.0000000000000430

Perry-Duxbury, M., van Exel, J., Brouwer, W., Sköldunger, A., Gonçalves-Pereira, M., Irving, K., . . . The Actifcare Consortium. (2020). A validation study of the ICECAP-O in informal careers of people with dementia from eight European countries. Quality of Life Research, 29(1), 237-251. doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02317-3

Sarabia-Cobo, C. M., Parás-Bravo, P., Amo-Setién, F. J., Alconero-Camarero, A. R., Sáenz-Jalón, M., Torres-Manrique, B., . . . Santibáñez-Margüello, M. (2017). Validation of the Spanish version of the ICECAP-O for nursing home residents with dementia. PLoS ONE, 12(1) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169354

Additional information

If you are interested please complete a user agreement and send the form to: Dr Samantha Husbands E-mail: for a copy of the measure