Life Orientation Test (LOT)

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Scheier, & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4(3), 219–247.
General information
Purpose The LOT was designed to assess individual differences in generalized optimism versus pessimism.
Domain(s) Life Satisfaction
Target population Adult
Number of items 12
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

The LOT-R: a revised version with only 10 questions.

Availability in other languages
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure
Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(6), 1063–1078.
Additional information