Life Orientation Test (LOT)

Scheier, & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4(3), 219–247. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.4.3.219
General information
Purpose The LOT was designed to assess individual differences in generalized optimism versus pessimism.
Domain(s) Life Satisfaction
Target population Adult
Number of items 12
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

The LOT-R: a revised version with only 10 questions.

Availability in other languages
Fee for use
Free
Related information on use of the measure
Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies
Additional information