Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)

View Measure
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S. and Bridges, M. W. 1994. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67: 1063–1078. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.67.6.1063
General information
Purpose The LOT was designed to assess individual differences in generalized optimism versus pessimism, the measure was revised to ensure an explicit focus on future expectations for the future as theory dictated.
Domain(s) Life Satisfaction
Target population Adult
Number of items 10
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

The original 12-item LoT


Availability in other languages Extensive list of translations can be found at:
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure
Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies
Glaesmer, H., Rief, W., Martin, A., Mewes, R., Brähler, E., Zenger, M. and Hinz, A. (2012), Psychometric properties and population-based norms of the Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R). British Journal of Health Psychology, 17: 432-445.
Additional information