Positive Mental Health Measurement Scale (PMH)

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Vaingankar, J. A., Subramaniam, M., Chong, S., Abdin, E., Orlando Edelen, M., Picco, L., Wei Lim, Y., Yen Phua, M., Yiang Chua, B., Tee, Joseph Y. S., & Sherbourne, C. (2011). The positive mental health instrument: development and validation of a culturally relevant scale in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Health Qual Life Outcomes 9, 92. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-9-92
General information
Purpose The PMH is a brief, uni-dimensional and person-centered instrument designed to measure all key and culturally appropriate domains of positive mental health and allow for comparisons across different age, gender, and ethnic groups. Was originally designed for use in Asian countries.
Domain(s) Goal Pursuit
Life Satisfaction
Positive Affect
Sense of Meaning
Target population Adult
Number of items 57
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

Its currently available in 3 versions – the original 47-item scale, short PMI (19 items) and more recently we have developed the Rapid PMHI which is 6 items.

Availability in other languages Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Russian.
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure

If you are interested in using the PMH please contact Dr. Vaingankar Janhavi Ajit at janhavi_vaingankar@imh.com.sg

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Lukat, J., Margraf, J., Lutz, R., van der Veld, W. M., & Becker, E. S. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Positive Mental Health Scale (PMH-scale). BMC Psychology, 4(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-016-0111-x

Vaganian, L., Boecker, M., Bussmann, S., et al. (2022). Psychometric evaluation of the Positive Mental Health (PMH) scale using item response theory. BMC Psychiatry, 22, 512. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-022-04162-0

Additional information