Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

View Measure
Pavot, W., & Diener, E. (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172.
General information
Purpose The SWLS is a short 5-item instrument designed to measure global cognitive judgments of satisfaction with one’s life.
Domain(s) Life Satisfaction
Target population Adult
Number of items 5
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms
Availability in other languages Arabic, Bosnian, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Flemish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Setswana, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure

In order to better understand the scores of the SWLS, please read the document here.

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Amtmann, D., Bocell, F. D., Bamer, A., Heinemann, A. W., Hoffman, J. M., Juengst, S. B., . . . McMullen, K. (2019). Psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale in people with traumatic brain, spinal cord, or burn injury: A national institute on disability, independent living, and rehabilitation research model system study. Assessment, 26(4), 695-705. doi:10.1177/1073191117693921

Bagherzadeh, M., Loewe, N., Mouawad, R. G., Batista-Foguet, J. M., Araya-Castillo, L., & Thieme, C. (2018). Spanish version of the satisfaction with life scale: Validation and factorial invariance analysis in Chile. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 21 doi:10.1017/sjp.2018.2

Dirzyte, A., Perminas, A., & Biliuniene, E. (2021). Psychometric properties of satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and psychological capital questionnaire (pcq-24) in the Lithuanian population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 1-27. doi:10.3390/ijerph18052608

López-Ortega, M., Torres-Castro, S., & Rosas-Carrasco, O. (2016). Psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS): Secondary analysis of the Mexican health and aging study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 14(1) doi:10.1186/s12955-016-0573-9

Lorenzo-Seva, U., Calderon, C., Ferrando, P. J., del Mar Muñoz, M., Beato, C., Ghanem, I., . . . Jiménez-Fonseca, P. (2019). Psychometric properties and factorial analysis of invariance of the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) in cancer patients. Quality of Life Research, 28(5), 1255-1264. doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02106-y

Post, M. W., Van Leeuwen, C. M., Van Koppenhagen, C. F., & De Groot, S. (2012). Validity of the life satisfaction questions, the life satisfaction questionnaire, and the satisfaction with life scale in persons with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(10), 1832-1837. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2012.03.025

Yun, Y. H., Rhee, Y. E., Kang, E., & Sim, J. -. (2019). The satisfaction with life scale and the subjective well-being inventory in the general Korean population: Psychometric properties and normative data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(9) doi:10.3390/ijerph16091538

Additional information

Information about the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) can be found here.