Valuation Of Life Scale (VOL)

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Lawton MP, Moss M, Hoffman C, Kleban MH, Ruckdeschel K, Winter L. Valuation of Life: A Concept and a Scale. Journal of Aging and Health. 2001;13(1):3-31. doi:10.1177/089826430101300101
General information
Purpose The VOL is a small set of relatively global constructs that express the active embrace of life.
Domain(s) Goal Pursuit
Life Satisfaction
Positive Affect
Quality of Life
Sense of Meaning
Target population Adult
Number of items 19
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms
Availability in other languages Dutch, Japanese, Portuguese
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure
Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Gitlin, L. N., Parisi, J., Huang, J., Winter, L., & Roth, D. L. (2016). Attachment to Life: Psychometric Analyses of the Valuation of Life Scale and Differences Among Older Adults. The Gerontologist, 56(3), e21–e31.

Araújo, L., Ribeiro, O., Teixeira, L., Azevedo, M. J., Jopp, D. S., Rott, C., & Paúl, C. (2015). Measuring attachment to life in old age: The Portuguese version of the Positive Valuation of Life Scale (Positive VOL). Quality of Life Research, 24(10), 2385–2389.

Additional information