Well-Being Questionnaire (12 items) (W-BQ12)

View Measure
Bradley C (2000) The 12-item Well-Being Questionnaire. Origins, current stage of development, and availability. Diabetes Care, 23 (6) 875.
General information
Purpose This questionnaire is designed to measure general well-being, including negative well-being, energy and positive well-being. It was developed in the early 1990s from the longer parent version (W-BQ22) as a short-form with a balanced selection of positive and negative items. It is widely used in clinical trials and other studies.
Domain(s) Positive Affect
Target population Adult
Number of items 12
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

Developed from the W-BQ22

Availability in other languages See here for translater versions: https://www.healthpsychologyresearch.com/information/currently-available-translated-questionnaires/w-bq12-well-being-questionnaire-12
Fee for use
Related information on use of the measure

Free for student use

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Pouwer, F., Snoek, F. J., Ploeg, H. M. V. D., Adèr, H. J., & Heine, R. J. (2000). The Well-being Questionnaire: Evidence for a three-factor structure with 12 items (W-BQ12). Psychological Medicine, 30(2), 455–462. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700001719

Riazi, A., Bradley, C., Barendse, S., & Ishii, H. (2006). Development of the Well-being questionnaire short-form in Japanese: The W-BQ12. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 4(1), 40. https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-4-40

Watrowski, R., & Rohde, A. (2014, September 1). Psychological well-being of gynecologic and obstetric patients: A validation of the 12-item Well-Being Questionnaire (W-BQ12). Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-014-0569-6

Additional information

Information about the measure can be found here: https://www.healthpsychologyresearch.com/find-a-questionnaire/well-being-questionnaire-0