WHOQOL-Bref

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General information
Purpose The WHOQOL-Bref was developed by the WHOQOL Group with fifteen international field centers, simultaneously, in an attempt to develop a quality of life assessment that would be applicable cross-culturally
Domain(s) Life Satisfaction
Quality of Life
Sense of Meaning
Target population Adult
Number of items 26
Administration format self-report
Additional formats
Alternate forms

This is a brief form that was developed from the WHOQOL 100

Availability in other languages Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Bahasa, Bangla, Bulgarian, Cebuano Visayan, Chichewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch (Belgian), Dutch (Netherlands), English (Australian), English (New Zealand), Estonian, Farsi, Filipino, Finnish, French (Belgian), French (France), German, Gichuka, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Ilonggo, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kikuyu, Kiswahili, Korean, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luganda, Macedonian, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Mongolian, Neplai, Norwegian, Odia, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romanian, Russian, Shona, Sinhala, Slovak, Somali, Spanish (Argentinian), Spanish (Chilean), Spanish (Mexican), Spanish (Spain), Swedish, Tamil (Indian), Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Yoruba
Fee for use
Free
Related information on use of the measure

Information about and the measure can be found here:

Non-exhaustive list of psychometric studies

Anum, A., Adjorlolo, S., Akotia, C. S., & de-Graft Aikins, A. (2021). Validation of the multidimensional WHOQOL-OLD in Ghana: A study among population-based healthy adults in three ethnically different districts. Brain and Behavior, 11(8) doi:10.1002/brb3.2193


Brzoska, P. (2020). Assessment of quality of life in individuals with chronic headache. psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-BREF. BMC Neurology, 20(1) doi:10.1186/s12883-020-01845-7


Duarte, S. B. R., Chaveiro, N., de Freitas, A. R., Barbosa, M. A., Camey, S., Fleck, M. P., . . . Rodríguez-Martín, D. (2021). Validation of the WHOQOL-bref instrument in Brazilian sign language (libras). Quality of Life Research, 30(1), 303-313. doi:10.1007/s11136-020-02611-5


Gholami, A., Araghi, M. T., Shamsabadi, F., Bayat, M., Dabirkhani, F., Moradpour, F., . . . Rajabi, A. (2021). Application of the world health organization quality of life instrument, short form (WHOQOL-BREF) to patients with cataract. Epidemiology and Health, 38 doi:10.4178/epih.e2016005


Jikamo, B., Adefris, M., Azale, T., & Alemu, K. (2021). Cultural adaptation and validation of the Sidamic version of the world health organization quality-of-life-bref scale measuring the quality of life of women with severe preeclampsia in southern Ethiopia, 2020. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 19(1) doi:10.1186/s12955-021-01872-z


Kalfoss, M. H., Reidunsdatter, R. J., Klöckner, C. A., & Nilsen, M. (2021). Validation of the WHOQOL-bref: Psychometric properties and normative data for the Norwegian general population. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 19(1) doi:10.1186/s12955-020-01656-x

Additional information

The WHOQOL 100 can be found here: